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What Are the Different Ways of Borrowing Money?

There are different ways of borrowing money in the UK. Consolidation Expert breaks down the different ways you can borrow money, and how to find the right kind of loan.

Borrowing money can be a useful tool to help manage your finances. But with a plethora of options available, navigating the borrowing landscape can be a complex endeavour.

There are various ways to borrow money in the UK, such as mortgages, personal loans, consolidation loans and credit cards. Each comes with its own unique advantages, benefits, risks, and considerations to keep in mind.

By understanding the options available, you can make informed decisions that best suit your financial needs. This article aims to demystify the different ways of borrowing money in the UK, providing a comprehensive overview of the options at your disposal.

Key Takeaways:

  • There are multiple ways to borrow money in the UK.
  • Personal loans allow you to borrow a lump sum of money over a set term, with a fixed repayment schedule.
  • Credit cards provide convenient access to credit, sometimes with rewards and benefits for responsible usage.
  • Mortgages and home equity loans are secured by the value of your property and may offer lower interest rates.
  • Guarantor loans are co-signed by someone who agrees to make repayments if you cannot.
  • Payday loans offer a way of borrowing small amounts of money to be repaid quickly. They can have very high interest rates and fees.
  • Consolidation loans can be useful for combining several debts into one manageable monthly payment.
  • All ways of borrowing money come with some level of risk, and not every option is suitable for everyone. It’s important to understand the terms and conditions and consider your financial situation carefully before borrowing money.

Personal Loans

Personal loans are sums of money borrowed from a financial institution, repaid in fixed monthly instalments over a set period, usually between 1 to 7 years. Unsecured loans don’t require collateral, while secured loans are backed by an asset, reducing the lender’s risk.

Advantages Disadvantages
Fixed monthly repayments can make budgeting easier. Some providers may place restrictions on usage.
Potentially lower interest rates for those with good credit. Early repayment penalties may apply.
Ability to choose the amount and repayment term. Secured loans risk loss of the asset if you default.
Those with poor credit scores may have difficulty being approved for some types of personal loan.

Personal loans are versatile and can be used for various purposes like home improvements or making significant purchases. They can be a suitable borrowing option for those needing a lump sum of money for a specific purpose, with the flexibility to repay over a set period.

Various banks, building societies and other financial institutions offer personal loans. Depending on the lender, certain conditions may need to be met before approval, such as credit score, employment status, and income level.

When considering a personal loan, it’s important to borrow only what you need and can afford to repay. Defaulting on loan payments can result in significant financial penalties and negatively impact your credit score.

Credit Cards

Credit cards are one of the most popular forms of borrowing money in the UK. They offer a convenient and flexible way to access credit, allowing you to make purchases and pay them off over time. Minimum monthly payments are required, with interest charged on the remaining balance.

There are different types of credit cards available, each with their own features and benefits. Some credit cards offer cashback or rewards programs, while others come with low interest rates or no annual fees.

Advantages Disadvantages
Convenient access to credit. High interest rates if balance is not paid in full each month.
Flexible spending and repayment options. Potential fees and charges.
Can help build credit history if utilisation is low and repayments are made on time. Risk of accumulating debt if not used responsibly.
Potential rewards and protections on purchases. Can impact credit score if payments are missed.

If used properly, credit cards can be a convenient and useful tool for managing your finances. However, it’s important to make payments on time, keep balances low, and try to avoid carrying a balance from month to month. As with any borrowing option, it’s important to understand the terms and conditions and the associated risks.

Mortgages and Home Equity Loans

Mortgages are long-term loans used to finance the purchase of a property, typically a home. The property itself serves as collateral for the loan. Mortgages usually last between 15 to 30 years and may have fixed or variable interest rates.

Home equity loans, also known as “second mortgages,” allow homeowners to borrow against the equity in their property. Equity is the difference between the home’s current value and the outstanding mortgage balance. These loans are often used for significant expenses like home renovations, education, or debt consolidation. They come with fixed interest rates and terms, typically ranging from 5 to 15 years.

Advantages Disadvantages
Enables access to large sums of money for purchasing a home or other significant expenses. Long-term financial commitment.
Various options to suit individual needs. Fees and charges may apply.
Potentially lower interest rates than unsecured loans. Using your home as collateral could affect your credit rating.
May be able to borrow more money than with other types of loans. Risk of losing your home if you default.

When purchasing a property, a mortgage is often the primary means of financing, and is tailored to long-term ownership. Home equity loans may be suitable if you need to borrow a large amount of money and have built up equity in your home.

Before applying for a mortgage or home equity loan, it’s important to assess your financial situation carefully and ensure that you’ll be able to afford the repayments. If you fail to make repayments, your home could be repossessed.

Guarantor Loans

Guarantor loans are unsecured loans where a third party, known as a guarantor, agrees to cover the borrower’s repayments if they cannot. The guarantor is usually a friend or family member with a good credit history. These loans may be used to borrow amounts ranging from a few hundred to several thousand pounds, typically over a term of 1 to 5 years.

Advantages Disadvantages
Can be a way of borrowing money with poor credit. Guarantor typically subject to a credit and affordability check.
Potentially more favourable terms and interest rates. Risk to the guarantor, who becomes liable for the debt.
May help build or repair credit if managed responsibly. May strain personal relationships if the borrower defaults.

Guarantor loans can be a viable option if traditional borrowing is challenging due to a poor or limited credit history. However, it requires trust and clear communication between the borrower and guarantor. The guarantor must agree to be held responsible for repayments if the borrower defaults.

Payday Loans

Payday loans are short-term, high-cost loans designed for emergency expenses. The amount borrowed is usually less than £1,500 and must be repaid in a short time (typically within 30 days). Lenders typically require proof of income and will perform a credit check, though approval rates are relatively high.

Advantages Disadvantages
Quick access to funds, often within a day. Extremely high interest rates.
Potentially available to those with lower credit scores. Must be repaid promptly to avoid late payment or rollover fees.
Simple application process. Risk of falling into a cycle of debt (reliance on additional payday loans to pay off previous debts).
Could impact credit score if you accumulate multiple loans or miss repayments.

Payday loans may be used by those who need quick funds to cover unexpected expenses before their next payday. However, despite being strictly regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), they come with significant financial risk due to their high interest rates and short repayment periods. Careful consideration of the ability to repay is essential to avoid accumulating debt.

Consolidation Loans

Consolidation loans combine multiple debts, such as credit cards and personal loans, into one loan with a single monthly payment. This can simplify debt management and potentially secure a lower overall interest rate. The new loan is used to pay off the existing debts, and the borrower then repays the consolidation loan over a set term.

Advantages Disadvantages
Simplifies repayments by combining multiple debts. May extend the repayment period, leading to more total interest paid overtime.
Can be used to secure a lower interest rate. Lowest interest rates typically reserved for those with higher credit scores.
Usually accessible to those with poor credit scores. Borrower could still accumulate more debt if underlying spending habits are not addressed.
Secured and unsecured options available.
Potential positive impact on credit score through improved debt management.

A consolidation loan may be a good option for you if you’re struggling to manage multiple high-interest debts. However, as with all ways of borrowing money, it’s important to consider your own financial situation. Always read the terms and conditions, consider the lender’s eligibility criteria, and seek professional advice if necessary.

At Consolidation Expert, we work with a range of lenders offering consolidation loans up to £75,000. Our free initial application involves a soft credit check that won’t impact your credit score. Apply online today or contact us to find out more.

Representative 14.8% APR

We are a broker, not a lender.

Representative Example: Borrowing £15,000 over 60 months, repaying £355.28 per month, total repayable £21,316.57.

Total cost of credit £6,316.57.

Interest rate 14.8% (variable).

The lenders on our panel offer loans for 12-360 months, with rates from 4.7% APR to 42.6% APR.

The Representative Example is based on all loans paid out by lenders between 1st Jan 2022 and 31st Dec 2022.

Borrowing Money FAQs

There are several options available for borrowing money in the UK. These include (but are not limited to) personal loans, guarantor loans, payday loans, credit cards, mortgages, home equity loans and consolidation loans. They each come with different benefits, drawbacks, and eligibility criteria, and are designed for different purposes.

A personal loan can be used to borrow a fixed amount of money, to be repaid over time in monthly instalments. The two main types of personal loans are secured and unsecured. Secured loans require collateral, while unsecured loans do not. They can be used for various purposes and typically have fixed interest rates and repayment terms. Unsecured personal loans may have higher interest rates.

Credit cards provide convenient access to credit on a flexible, revolving basis. Cardholders can make purchases or withdraw cash up to their credit limit, with the option to pay back the balance in full or make minimum payments each month. Interest rates for credit cards may be higher than with other financial products.

A mortgage is used to finance a home purchase, while a home equity loan allows borrowing against the equity in an existing property. The latter is often used for renovations or debt consolidation. With both types of loan, borrowers are at risk of losing their home if they break the repayment terms.

Instant borrowing options may include overdrafts, credit cards, or payday loans. Many online lenders offer quick approval and fund disbursement. It’s essential to understand the terms and costs associated with instant borrowing, as they may come with higher interest rates or fees.

Borrowing money always involves risks, such as the potential inability to meet repayments if your financial situation changes. This could lead to additional fees, damage to your credit score, legal action or loss of collateral in the case of secured loans. Responsible borrowing, understanding the terms, and ensuring the ability to repay can help to mitigate these risks.

The golden rules of borrowing include understanding your needs, borrowing only what you can afford to repay, and making timely repayments whenever possible. You should also shop around for the best terms and interest rates with different lenders and read and understand the terms and conditions before committing.

To decide on the right method of borrowing money for you, consider factors like the purpose of borrowing, interest rates, terms, eligibility requirements, credit history, and your individual financial situation. Seeking professional financial advice may also be beneficial.

Yes, lenders in the UK must adhere to regulations set by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), ensuring transparency and fair treatment. For example, lenders should conduct affordability checks. Borrowers should be aware of their rights and responsibilities.

It’s possible to borrow money with a poor credit score, though options may be more limited, and interest rates may be higher. Guarantor loans and secured loans are typically more likely to be approved than unsecured loans if you have bad credit. Borrowing a smaller amount or seeking a longer payment term may also help. If you are looking to borrow money to pay off multiple existing debts, you may be approved for a specialist consolidation loan. At Consolidation Expert, we work with many lenders who accept lower credit scores.

Further reading

Read Is it Possible to Consolidate Short-Term Same Day Loans?
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Read Can I Consolidate Holiday Loans with Other Debts?
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Read How Can I Pay Off My Debts Faster?
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